International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

The Role of Intermodal Transport in Promoting Horticultural Products’ Export Trade in Kenya
Evaristus Irandu, Luca Zamparini

In the modern global economy, intermodal transportationplays a critical rolein the promotion of international trade. This is important for Kenya, which needs to be integrated in the global economy. However, this is possible if her exports would reach world markets fresh and cheaply. This paper assesses the role of intermodal transport in the export of Kenyan horticultural products. In-depth literature review and questionnaire survey were used to obtain relevant data and information for the study. The study reveals that several firms utilize more than one mode of transportation to move fresh products to overseas destinations depending on their relative cost advantages. Itwas established that railroad is the mode more frequently used in intermodal transport. It was also found out that the majority of respondents were dissatisfied with the cumbersome documentation process at the exit point for horticultural exports. In order to make the intermodal transport of horticultural products from Kenya competitive, it is necessary to speed up and simplify cargo inspection and customs clearance. It would also be important to invest in the establishment of more cooling plants and warehouses at the Jomo Kenyatta International Airport to increase the capacity to handle fresh produce. The findings of this study may be of interest to the horticultural industry and to policymakers in Kenya and abroad.

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