International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

The Strategy of Treatment for Drug Users in Taiwan --Based upon the Patient-Centered Concept
Yu-Wei Liao

In 2015, the estimated drug use give rise to the rate of premature death and disability by the 280 million-year of incapacity in “the age of health loss”. It is a significant indication of the extent to which drug abuse is harmful all over the world. By the statistics in 2017 of Taiwan region prosecutor, police, and other judicial institutions showed that the ranked top five in seizure numbers of illegal drug materials with sequential order were as chloro-ephedrine (amphetamine), ketamine, hydroxylamine hydrochloride ( ketamine raw material ), heroin and marijuana. This study focuses on the patient-centered standpoint and concept of drug users in the policy and strategy planning. This study is based on the literature study method in qualitative research. Harm reduction program is a holistic and integrated plan aimed at reducing the harm to individuals, families and society of drugs. Moreover, the deferred prosecution with the compulsory drug abstention and treatment is due to the strategy for priority treatment over penalties. In response to the policy of drug users, incremental reform is strongly recommended. Under the current circumstance of limited resources, low public acceptability, and the potential for drug users to increase, the first short-term implementation of the crime policy in the legislative procedure, shifting to the judicial supervision of drug users in the community treatment. In the future, we can follow the United States Drug Court scheme by providing more social services such as employment, education and training, family support and so on, expanding the participation of the medical systems and the social welfare systems, to encourage drug users to rebuild their support systems for returning to society as soon as possible.

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