International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

Ahmad Al-Sirhindi’s Stations of Muraqabah in the Naqshabandi Order Taught by Wan Sulaiman Wan Siddik, A 19th Century Malay Scholar in the Malay World
Muhammad Khairi Mahyuddin, Professor Dato’ Zakaria Stapa, Associate Prof. Dr.Faudzinaim Badaruddin

The Naqshabandi Order‘s lineages in the Malay world are identified as aspiring from Ahmad al-Sirhindi’s revival. In 19thcentury, it is transmitted from Central Asia to the Malay world throughout India and Mecca by the Malay adherents who domiciled in Mecca and pilgrimage travellers. Ahmad al-Sirhindi’s late legacies in the 19th century in the Malay world are discovered coming from Khalid b. Ahmad and Ahmad Sacid b Abi Sacid’s lines. Even both are sharing similar fundamental in the Naqshabandi Mujaddidi's rite, but the Malay adherents of both lines exercise dissimilar stations of muraqabah known as al-maqamat al-mujaddidiyyah taught by Ahmad al- Sirhindi. The history and content study are utilized to scrutinize the practice of muraqabah’s stations and to identify the factor compels to the different applications. The study focuses basically on Wan Sulaiman Wan Siddik, a 19th century Malay scholar as his intellectual vicinity to Ahmad al-Sirhindi is noticed from his spiritual lineage consisting of his late biological descendent and his Malay Jawi scripts transmitting al-Sirhindi’s notion. At the end, the study singles out that al-maqamat al-mujaddidiyyah are still being adept by the Malay adherents of both lines in some diverse applications, but the difference only lies in the summarization and terminologies.

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