International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

The Role of Women in Politics and in the Sustenance of Democracy in Nigeria
Christiana O. Ogbogu

This study examined the role of women in politics and in the sustenance of democracy in Nigeria. It elicited their challenges, experiences and contributions to the democratic process. Strategies that can assist women realize their political leadership potentials were proffered. Questionnaires were administered on 700 randomly chosen female politicians, activists and professionals in government and dominant parties across the six geo-political zones of Nigeria. Also, interview schedules were conducted with 10 of the randomly chosen respondents. Results revealed that women are marginalized and feature minimally in government because Nigeria lacks a legislative framework that secures quotas for women in political parties. Patriarchal attitudes, poor informal networks/mentoring, finance, religion and educational status were found to militate against women’s participation in politics and governance. To overcome these problems, the study recommended amongst others, the development of electoral reforms that promote equitable representation of women and respect for due process. Empowerment of women by ensuring their access to credit facilities was proffered. The study concluded that the institutionalization of varieties of special mechanisms is most needed in increasing women’s participation in governance.

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