International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

The Assesment of the Risk of Fire at Woodworking Plants Via Failure Mode and Effect Analysis-Grey Relational Analysis Approaches
Asst. Prof. Neylan KAYA

Abstract
The aim of the study: Fire is amongst the primary dangers that woodworking plants encounter during their production process. In this study, it is aimed to display priority rankings of 14 basic fire risks that are seen at woodworking plants. Method: In order to rank the risks in terms of priorities, Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) – Grey Relational Analysis (GRA) approaches were utilized. Via Grey Relational Analysis, it was aimed to overcome the deficiencies of Failure Mode and Effect Analysis. The risks were evaluated by 10 risk experts on account of the probability, criticalness and determinability of a risk. Findings: It was found out that the main risks for woodworking plants are the insufficient number of fire extinguishers, the lack of a lightning rod installment , the location or the lack of fire-escape stairs , the staff’s lack of fire training and the lack of a safety/security team, whereas the disorganization of general storage has the lowest rate of risk. Discussion: It was found out that the risks caused by the lack of basic fire precautions have the highest priority. Woodworking enterprises have to consider the states of those risks, their effects and criticalness during their establishment process. The fires which are occasionally seen at woodworking plants can be avoided and the safety precautions of the enterprises can be positively contributed with the help of this study. Future studies can be made via integrated methods in which Fuzzy theory and other multi-criteria methods are included.

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