International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online)

The Influence of Intellectual Stimulation Leadership Behaviour on Employee Performance in SMEs in Kenya
Mary Ganga Ogutu Ogola, Dr. Damary Sikalieh, Dr. Teresia Kavoo Linge

Abstract
The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of intellectual stimulation leadership behaviour on employee performance in Small and Medium Enterprises in Kenya. This study targeted the KPMG top 100 SMEs of 2014 in Kenya. A correlational research design was employed to investigate the relationship between the independent variable and the dependent variable. A stratified proportionate random sampling technique was used to obtain a sample of 226 out of a target population of 553 Managers. Data was collected using MLQ structured questionnaire. Pearson’s correlation, multiple regression and chi-square techniques were used to analyse the data. The results showed that intellectual stimulation leadership behaviour and Employee Performance in SMEs in Kenya had a strong positive and significant correlation r(194) = .722, p< .000 and a positive and significant relationship,( β = .722, t(194)= 14.444, p< .000.). The study concluded that better employee performance is achieved when a leader encourage employees to think critically in dealing with problems that they encounter in the course of their work, use their own initiative, and seek innovative methods to approach their work and assignments.

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