International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online)

Analysis of the Human ware Innovative Capacities of the Food Industry SMEs in the Manufacturing Sector
Patricia Lagunes, Alberto Soto, Sofía Zúñiga, Alfredo Toriz

Abstract
The contribution of small and medium enterprises of the food industry in the manufacturing sector to the GDP of Mexico is rather considerable, yet they face enormous tasks trying to stay in the market and gain a competitive advantage. For this reason, the authors have tried to develop a comprehensive model, based on previous proposals made by several authors, to allow measurement of innovative capabilities existing in the human ware employed by these companies. The obtained results by applying a Likert scale instrument to companies located in Tehuacan and Torreon show that one of the main aspects is achievement orientation. Additionally, we demonstrate that creativity, ability to take risks, absorptive capacity and strategy, are at a minimum acceptable level, indicating the strong need to elaborate training programs to enable the development of these critical capabilities to truly inspire and boost innovative power

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