International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online)

Relationship Motives, Personality, and Organizational Citizenship Behavior in Academic Staffs in Indonesia
Dorothea Wahyu Ariani

Abstract
This study addressed the role of motives and personality in organizational citizenship behavior. Three motives were identified organizational concern motive, prosocial values motive and impression management motive. I provide a framework showing these motives may motivate citizenship behavior. Because organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) may serve different needs or motives for different individual, the measurement of these motives will improve the prediction of OCB. OCB is a kind of contextual performance, a prosocial action, and personality trait involves prosocial thought, feelings, and action. It is suggested that engaging in OCB might affect a person’s self-concept. A survey is conducted by using questionnaires from the previous research. The questionnaires are sent to 400 lecturers in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The samples consisted of 370 lecturers. Validity and reliability tests are used to evaluate the questionnaire contents. We employed structural equation modeling for the research framework and AMOS was used to analyze the model. This research analyzed why individual performs OCB throughout the relationship model among attribution theory, personality theory and organizational citizenship behavior. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

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