International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss


Counseling Practitioners in Malaysia: Socio-Demographic Profile and Theoretical Approcahes in Counseling Process
Zakaria Mohamad, Asyraf Hj. Ab. Rahman

This study aims to look at socio-demographic profile of registered counselors in Malaysia and theoretical approaches employed in the counseling process. A total of 241 counselors who are involved in this study consist of randomly choosen counselors registered with the Department of Social Welfare and Extensions Association of Malaysia (PERKAMA). Analysis of data using mean and percent indicates that majority of the counselors are practicing female counsellors. They serve in the education sector and aged 39 and below with at least having a bachelor degree. In regards to the theoretical approaches, Person-centered is most widely used by those counsellors, followed by Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) and an eclectic approach. Factors identified for choosing these approaches are their religious influence, family upbringing, personality, and influence from former supervisor and founder of the theory.

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