International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

 

SOCIAL EXCLUSION AND INCLUSION POLICY IN INDONESIA
Iwan Gardono Sujatmiko

Abstract
This paper will discuss the social position of the “lower Indonesia,” which consists of peasants, workers, and informal sectors, or 70% of Indonesia’s 240 million people. During the Dutch colonial era, Indonesians were excluded and deemed as a third stratum below the Dutch/Europeans along with the Arabs and Chinese. This is due to the fact that a caste-like stratification system prevailed throughout that era. Recently, there has been an alteration regarding the opening of social stratification. However, the majority of people remain excluded. With enactments of policy inclusion, such as quotas, that would provide sufficient access, the majority and lower Indonesia will always stay marginalized in rigid social stratification. This social condition might result in improper implementation of social justice.

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