International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

 

MODELING STOCK MARKET VOLATILITY USING GARCH MODELS EVIDENCE FROM SUDAN
Ahmed Elsheikh M. Ahmed, Suliman Zakaria Suliman

Abstract
This paper uses the Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedastic models to estimate volatility (conditional variance) in the daily returns of the principal stock exchange of Sudan namely, Khartoum Stock Exchange (KSE) over the period from January 2006 to November 2010. The models include both symmetric and asymmetric models that capture the most common stylized facts about index returns such as volatility clustering and leverage effect. The empirical results show that the conditional variance process is highly persistent (explosive process), and provide evidence on the existence of risk premium for the KSE index return series which support the positive correlation hypothesis between volatility and the expected stock returns. Our findings also show that the asymmetric models provide better fit than the symmetric models, which confirms the presence of leverage effect. These results, in general, explain that high volatility of index return series is present in Sudanese stock market over the sample period.

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