International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss


Self and Well-Being
Irem Metin

Considerable research has been devoted to the self. This paper aims to emphasize the processes and mechanisms that promote individuals’ well-being. With this purpose, it reviews research on various features of the self in relation to well-being. Specifically, it presents studies on self-complexity, authenticity, perceived control, self-discrepancy, satisfaction of basic psychological needs and self-enhancing bias. The findings show that self-complexity leads to greater well-being when the self-aspects are authentic and individuals have high perceived self-aspect control. In addition, reduced actual/ideal self-discrepancy, satisfaction of basic psychological needs (autonomy, relatedness and competence) and self-awareness predicts greater well-being. The studies also show short-term benefits but long term costs of self-enhancing bias on well-being.

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