International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

 

FACTORS INFLUENCING SOCIAL AND ACADEMIC ADJUSTMENT OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF EGERTON UNIVERSITY; NJORO CAMPUS
DR. PAUL M. KYALO, MS ROSE J. CHUMBA

Abstract
The provision of education and training to all Kenyans is fundamental to the success of the Government’s overall development strategy. A successful adjustment of students to University environment enables them to complete their studies on time. However, students’ failure to adjust to the University environment is still a persistent problem facing education in Kenya. The underlying factors that influence students’ social and academic adjustment at the University have not received adequate research. These factors may influence students’ behaviour which determines the adjustment at the University. This study sought to investigate the influence of  factors on students’ social and academic adjustment at the University. The study adopted ex post facto’s Causal-comparative research design. The target population was 4831 undergraduate students enrolled at Egerton University and three staff from the Dean of students’ office. A random sample of 357 students and purposive sample of - 40 Student peer counsellors, 2 Student counsellors and the Dean of Students was . Data was collected using closed and open ended University Students’ Questionnaire (USQ) and interview schedule conducted among  respondents. The collected data was processed and analysed using descriptive statistics (frequencies, means and percentages) and inferential statistics (Chi square, Pearson Correlation and ANOVA). The Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 15.0 for windows was used to aid in the data analysis. All tests were done at a = 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study indicated that interpersonal relationships and the attitude of students towards university environment and academic programme were critical factors influencing social adjustment and academic adjustment of undergraduate students in the university. Both male and female students were exposed to the same environment that influenced their similar social and academic adjustment in the university. First year students have a higher level of academic adjustment compared to other students in the university. Guidance and counselling programme has a critical role to play in assisting students to adjust in the university. The study recommends that there is need for the university to encourage social activities that can facilitate effective interpersonal relationships among students. There is need for the university to increase the level of publicity of guidance and counselling services programme and its services in the universities so as to assist students un coping and adjusting to university life.

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