International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

 

COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA THROUGH INDIGENOUS AGRO ALLIED INDUSTRIES; A RECOURSE TO BOTTOM-UP STRATEGY?
Albert Ayorinde Abegunde

Abstract
This study examined the spread and multiplier effects of six indigenous vegetable oil industries (VOIs) located in Ibadan Region, Nigeria. Reconnaissance survey revealed that they employed 870 workers, depended on palm kernel (PK) (mostly produced in the rural areas of the region) as major input of production. Three sets of questionnaires were administered on the employees (20%), managements and 60 suppliers of PK. The study revealed that most of the workers and raw material input were drawn from Ibadan region and its peripheries respectively. Economic benefits of these were enjoyed by communities within the same region, with figures of -0.6 and -0.5 as relationships between number of staff recruited from their homes of origin and amount of money remitted by them annually. The study posits that industries that draw inputs of production from communities located within their regions of existence; spreading effects to the hinterlands are engines of economic development.


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